ابعاد ومساحت زمین فوتبال

Football — Soccer

 

ابعاد ومساحت زمین فوتبال  

صفحه اصلی

تماس با ما

فروشگاه هلیکوپترهای مدل

 

بزرگترین فروشگاه ورزشی مجازی

Dimensions for Football — Soccer

Football, commonly known as soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of 11 players each. It is played on a rectangular grass field, with a goal at each end. With the exception of the two goal keepers, players may not handle the ball, but must propel the ball with their head or feet.

Football 11-A-Side

Official soccer field dimensions

The field of play is rectangular. The length of the sideline must be longer than the length of the goal line. Measurements are as follows:

  •     length ─ minimum 90m     maximum 120m
  •     width ─ minimum 45m     maximum 90m

International matches

  •     length ─ 105m
  •     width ─ 68m

It is recommended that there is a minimum 3m space around the pitch. In the interest of player safety it is advisable to increase this distance wherever possible.

Field markings

The field of play is marked with lines called boundaries. The two longer boundary lines are called touch lines. The two shorter lines are called goal lines. All lines are a maximum of 12cm wide. The field of play is divided into two halves by a halfway line. The centre mark is at the midpoint of the halfway line. A circle with a radius of 9.15m is marked around it.

 

Goals

Goals are placed on the centre of each goal line. There are two upright posts equidistant from the corner flag posts and joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The distance between the posts is 7.32m and the distance from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is 2.44m. Both goal posts and the crossbar have the same width and depth, not exceeding 12cm. The goal lines are the same width as that of the goal posts and the crossbar. Nets can be attached to the goals and the ground behind the goal, provided that they are properly supported and do not interfere with the goalkeeper. The goal posts and crossbars must be white.

All goal posts are secured to the ground’s surface in accordance with the regulations as stipulated by the relevant authority or owner of the ground.

ابعاد دروازه فوتبال

The goal area

A goal area is defined by two lines drawn at right angles to the goal line, 5.5m from the inside of each goal post. These lines extend into the field of play for a distance of 5.5m and are joined by a line drawn parallel with the goal line. The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the goal area.

Penalty area

Two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, 16.5m from the inside of each goal post. The lines extend into the field of play for a distance 16.5m and joined by a line parallel with the goal line. The area bounded by these lines and the goal line is the penalty area.

Within each penalty area, a penalty mark is made 11m from the mid-point between and goal posts and equidistant to them. An arc of a circle with a radius of 9.15m from each penalty mark is drawn outside the penalty area

 

Corner flags

A flag post, minimum height 1.5m, with a non-pointed top and a flag is pl

aced in each corner of the field. They are also placed at each end of the halfway line.

Corner arc

A quarter circle with a radius of 1m from each corner flag post is drawn inside the field of play.

Coaching and team areas

Team benches will be separated by a 9.15m neutral zone, and will be at least 3.05m from the touch line. The area will be marked parallel to the touch line and situated 3.05m from the touch line and extending 18.29m from the 5m neutral zone measured from the halfway line in both directions.

 

پرچم کرنر

Lighting

The major elements influencing the visual tasks in soccer are the low to medium trajectory passes in all directions being common and scoring kicks always being low to medium trajectory. The space above the playing field is uniformly illuminated up to a height of approximately 15m. In order to meet the visual requirements of the goalkeeper in defending the goal area, some backlighting from a corner location is required.

Below are the recommended lux levels for soccer:

  Ball, physical training Club competition, match practice Competition
Amateur and semi-professional 50 lux 100 lux 200 lux
Professional 100 lux 200 lux 500 lux

 

ابعاد ومساحت زمین فوتبال  

Futsal

Futsal is the only form of ‘indoor soccer’ or ‘five-a-side’ that is officially approved by FIFA and Football Federation Australia (FFA). It’s one of the fastest growing sports in the world, is played in over 100 countries and boasts millions of players around the world.

Pitch

The pitch surface is rectangular. At international level futsal is played either on a wooden or a synthetic floor that is smooth and flat and does not restrict the roll of the ball. At other levels futsal is played on a variety of surfaces including astroturf. Concrete or tarmac should be avoided.

Pitch markings

The pitch is marked with lines 8cm wide and divided into two halves by the halfway line. The centre mark is at the midpoint of the halfway line and marked with a circle with a radius of 3m. The two longer boundary lines are called touch lines. The two shorter ones are called goal lines.

The dimensions of a pitch are follows:  

  Minimum Maximum
Length 25m 42m
Width 15m 25m
International matches  
Length 38m 42m
Width 18m 25m

Penalty area

The penalty area is marked by quarter circles with a 6m radius, drawn centred on the outside of each goal post. The quarter circles are drawn from the goal line to meet two imaginary lines 6m in length at right angles to the goal line from the outside of the goal post. The upper part of each quarter circle is joined by a 3.16m line running parallel to the goal line between the goal posts. The curved line marking the outer limit of the penalty area is the penalty area line.

The penalty mark is drawn 6m from the midpoint between the goal posts and equidistant from them. The second penalty mark is drawn on the pitch 10m from the midpoint betw

een the goal posts and equidistant from them.

Corner arc

The corner arc is a quarter circle with a radius of 25cm from each corner and drawn on the pitch.

Substitution zones

The substitution zones are 5m in length and situated in front of the team benches. They are marked at each end by a line 8cm wide and 80cm in length, 40cm of which is drawn on the pitch and 40cm off the pitch.

The area in front of the timekeeper’s table, 5m to either side of halfway line, is kept clear.

Goals

The goals are placed in the middle of each goal line. They consist of two upright posts equidistant from each corner and joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The distance (inside measurement) between the posts is 3m and the distance from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is 2m.

The goal posts and crossbar have the same width and depth of 8cm. The goal lines are the same width as the goal posts and the crossbar. Nets made of hemp, jute or nylon are attached to the back of the goalposts and crossbar. The lower part of the net is attached to curved tubing or another means of support.

The depth of the goal is at least 80cm at the top and 100cm at ground level. The goals must have a stabilising system that prevents them from overturning. Portable goals may be used provided they are as stable as normal goals.

 

زمین فوتسال

Small sided games (SSG)

SSG is the FFA’s modified game for children 6−12 years old. The aim is to give young girls and boys the maximum opportunity to participate in soccer. This program replaces Rooball, with the implementation to be complete by 2012.

This is all about ‘kids’ soccer’. Kids play on smaller fields with less players, fewer rules and modified equipment. As a result, they get more touches of the ball, more goals scored, increased activity and a lot more fun.

SSG is played on any field or open arena. The new age football program is divided into four age specific groups and games:

  • Under 6 (Football 4s) ─ 4 v 4 games on micro fields, about an eighth of a full sized field
  • Under 7−8s (Football 5s) ─ 5 v 5 games on mini fields just less than a quarter of an adult-sized playing field
  • Under 9−10s (Football 7’s) ─ 7 v 7 games on macro fields about a quarter of the size of an adult field
  • Under 11−12s (Football 9’s) ─ 9 v 9 on maxi fields about half an adult-sized field

Following are diagrams of the FFA’s suggested layouts for SSG football grounds using a full size adult soccer pitch - 120m long x 90m wide (maximum).

 

Football 4s: (players aged 5–6)

  •     Number of players ─ four field players plus two interchange players
  •     Field size ─ 30m x 20m
  •     Game time ─ 2 x 15 mins
  •     The ball ─ approved size 3 ball

 

Football 5s: (players aged 7–8)

  •     Number of players ─ five field players plus three interchange players
  •     Field size ─ 30m x 20m
  •     Game time ─ 2 x 20 mins
  •     The ball ─ approved size 3 ball

 

Football 7s: (players aged 9–10)

  •     Number of players ─ seven field players plus three interchange players
  •     Field size ─ 40m x 30m
  •     Game time ─ 2 x 25 mins
  •     The ball ─ approved size 4 ball

Football 9s: (players aged 11–12)

  • Number of players ─ nine field players plus three interchange players
  • Field size ─ 60m x 40m
  • Game time ─ 2 x 30 mins
  • The ball ─ approved size 4 ball

 

ابعاد ومساحت زمین فوتبال